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The Polish Government., through its P.A.T. Agency, commented that:
<c The persons included in this c Committee of National Liberation ' are
mostly completely unknown to the Polish people^ and represent nobody
except a small Communist group without any influence."
cc It is an attempt by a handful of usurpers to impose on the Polish nation
a political leadership which is at variance with the overwhelming majority."
Out of the fifteen members comprising this e Committee/ ten were
newly-converted Cornrniinists belonging to the Moscow £ Union of Polish
Patriots/ who were already residing in the Russian capital. It was,, there-
fore., a typical Soviet robot of the emigre type., and it closely resembled
the c friendly governments ' which had been brought into being for the
Baltic States. Among the members of this ' Committee ' were also, it
appeared, those who could be placed in the category of deportees who had
been c invited * to join it. In the Soviet regime such c invitations ' could
be ignored only under the pain of death.*
The ' Committee/ composed from unknown personalities or men such
as Zymierski or Rzymowski (a critic who had been expelled from the
Polish Literary Academy after being convicted of plagiarism on Bertrand
Russell's book)3 did not seem sufficiently weighty enough even to Moscow.
Therefore, Soviet propaganda was careful to stress the fact that Stalin
was watching the c Committee 3 " in order to convince himself that it
was capable of coping with the tasks which lay ahead. Should it, in his
opinion, prove incapable, then another solution must be reached." The
same propaganda emphasised that this ( Committee * was supported in
Poland, not only by the Communists (less numerous in that country than in
Britain),but also by the peasants. One thing, however^ could not be ignored,
the Soviet's puppet was certainly backed by the guns of the Red Army, and,
under this protection, had begun to officiate as an administrative body.
In order to stifle the qualms of London and Washington and at the same
time following the traditions of 1920, Moscow announced that this
* Committee 5 had been created in Chelm, and therefore on Polish soil.
" The Soviets/3 continued the official Moscow comment^ " recognised
its validity, since they had to have some administration in the liberated
Polish territories/' " Their attitude towards the * Committee/ " ex-
plained one of the Moscow foreign correspondents and Soviet mouth-
piece in the Daily Telegraph on July 25, " is substantially the same as that
which the Allies have accorded to de Gaulle in liberated France." Thus
the Kremlin began the final moves to liquidate the Underground Polish
State Authorities and with it, the Government in London^ determined
to prevent the latter from returning to take up office in Poland.
Russia's political activity in * liberated' Poland was bound to cause
some confusion in London and Washington. The reaction of these two
* The Germans, at the request of the Russians, had handed over Wasilewska's
daughter, and thus the Soviets had a hostage for the amenable behaviour of the
mother. It was the same story with regard to the Witos family.